|Kauai, nicknamed "The Garden Island" is the oldest of the inhabited Hawaiian Islands, as well as the greenest and the wettest. This is also the site of the first recorded contact between Westerners and the native inhabitants of Hawaii, when Captain James Cook first arrived in Waimea Bay in 1778.
Kauai is the least populated of the states four counties, with roughly 56,000 permanent residents. Development is limited and tourism is concentrated in a few locations. Two of Kauai's most famous attractions are Waimea Canyon (a 3,000-foot deep gorge dubbed the "Grand Canyon of the Pacific") and Wai'ale'ale (a 5,000-foot high mountain considered to be the wettest spot on earth, with 485 inches of annual rainfall). The average temperature at Lihu'e Airport ranges from 70 - 80 degrees Fahrenheit year-round.